"There are only two ways of telling the complete truth—anonymously and posthumously."Thomas Sowell

Sunday, April 08, 2018

The Great Convention of 2018






Seth Barrett Tillman, The Great Convention of 2018, New Reform Club (April 8, 2018, 6:22 PM), 
https://reformclub.blogspot.com/2018/04/the-great-convention-of-2018.html



Monday, April 02, 2018

Professor Nourse on the Three Emoluments Clauses Cases Against the President


Notice that Professor Nourse ends her analysis with “even President Trump’s lawyers now admit that the Foreign Emoluments Clause does in fact cover the President.” Victoria Nourse, Reclaiming the Constitutional Text from Originalism: The Case of Executive Power, 106 Calif. L. Rev. 1, 28 (Feb. 2018) (emphasis added). Why does Nourse use the word “now”? Why does she use the word “admit”? The President’s personal lawyers took the position that the Foreign Emoluments Clause applies to the President. See Sheri Dillon et al., Morgan Lewis LLP White Paper, Conflicts of Interest and the President (Jan. 11, 2017), [https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/3280261/MLB-White-Paper-1-10-Pm.pdf] [https://perma.cc/B8BU-X4U3]. This document was made public more than a full calendar year before Nourse published her paper in California law Review. So why does Nourse write “now admit”? And why write “admit”? Is there any evidence that the President’s Morgan Lewis attorneys had first taken or considered taking a different position, but were pressed or consented to making the “admission” that the Foreign Emoluments Clause applies to the President? I have no good reason to believe that Morgan Lewis counsel considered the alternative: i.e., that the clause does not apply to the President.

Moreover, Department of Justice counsel representing the President, in his official capacity, i.e., counsel who have submitted actual court filings, and who have written on this issue more recently than the President’s Morgan Lewis counsel, have made no such “admission.” Department of Justice Counsel have announced this more nuanced view both before and after Nourse published her article. Compare President of the United States’ Statement of Interest at 4 n.2, DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Mar. 26, 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 100, 2018 WL 1511801, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3150220 (“We assume for purposes of this Statement that the President is subject to the Foreign Emoluments Clause.”) (filed after Nourse published her article in February 2018), with Letter from Department of Justice Counsel to Judge Daniels at 1, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 25, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 98 (“[T]he government has not conceded that the President is subject to the Foreign Emoluments Clause.”) (filed before Nourse published her article in February 2018, but long after Morgan Lewis counsel had made public their legal advice for the President). It appears that Professor Nourse does not understand the prior filings, current posture, and the chronology of events in the three Emoluments Clauses cases.

Seth Barrett Tillman, Professor Nourse on the Three Emoluments Clauses Cases Against the President, New Reform Club (April 2, 2018, 12:37 PM), 



Tillman's Primary Briefs, Publications, etc on the "Office" Question


Briefs
Letter Brief filing Supplemental Authority, from Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, District of Columbia & State of Maryland v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Mar. 19, 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 97, https://www.scribd.com/document/374271648/D-C-and-Maryland-v-Trump-Notice-of-Supplemental-Authority-3-19-18https://ssrn.com/abstract=3141732;


Letter Brief, from Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, Seeking an Order in regard to Plaintiffs’ Motion to Amend the Complaint, District of Columbia & State of Maryland v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Jan. 29, 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 88, 2018 WL 1128948, https://www.scribd.com/document/370301834/Maryland-v-Trump-Correspondence-1-29-18, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3112896;

 

Corrected Response [Brief] of Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, District of Columbia & State of Maryland v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Dec. 31, 2017) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 77, 2017 WL 6880026, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Motions LEXIS 466, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3089868;

 

Motion and Brief for Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, District of Columbia & Maryland v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Oct. 6, 2017) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 27-1, 2017 WL 4685826, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 410, https://ssrn.com/abstract=2996355;


Brief for Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, Senator Richard Blumenthal v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-01154-EGS (D.D.C. Sept. 19, 2017) (Sullivan, J.), Dkt. No. 16-1, 2017 WL 4230605, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 30, https://ssrn.com/abstract=2996384;

Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-1, 2017 WL 4685886, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 408, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3002345;

Motion and Brief for Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman as Amicus Curiae in Support of the Defendant, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-RA (S.D.N.Y. June 16, 2017) (Abrams, J.), Dkt. No. 37, 2017 WL 2692500, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 402, https://ssrn.com/abstract=2985843;

Declaration: A Court Filing:
Declaration of Seth Barrett Tillman, Lecturer (Exhibit D), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-5, 2017 WL 7795997, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3037107;

Peer Reviewed Puublications:
Seth Barrett Tillman, Who Can Be President of the United States?: Candidate Hillary Clinton and the Problem of Statutory Qualifications, 5 Brit. J. Amer. Leg. Studies 95 (2016) (peer reviewed);

Seth Barrett Tillman, Why Professor Lessig’s “Dependence Corruption” Is Not a Founding-Era Concept, 13 Election L.J. 336 (2014) (peer reviewed);

Other Major Publications:
Seth Barrett Tillman, The Foreign Emoluments Clause—Where the Bodies are Buried: “Idiosyncratic” Legal Positions, 59 S. Tex. L. Rev. ____ (forth. circa April 2018) (invited symposium contribution), https://ssrn.com/abstract=3096986;

Seth Barrett Tillman, Business Transactions and President Trump’s “Emoluments” Problem, 40 Harv. J.L. & Pub. Pol’y 759 (2017);

Seth Barrett Tillman, Originalism & The Scope of the Constitution’s Disqualification Clause, 33 Quinnipiac L. Rev. 59 (2014);

Seth Barrett Tillman, Interpreting Precise Constitutional Text: The Argument for a “New” Interpretation of the Incompatibility Clause, the Removal & Disqualification Clause, and the Religious Test Clause–A Response to Professor Josh Chafetz’s Impeachment & Assassination, 61 Clev. St. L. Rev. 285 (2013);


Seth Barrett Tillman, Closing Statement, The Original Public Meaning of the Foreign Emoluments Clause: A Reply to Professor Zephyr Teachout, 107 Nw. U. L. Rev. Colloquy 180 (2013;



Seth Barrett Tillman, Why Our Next President May Keep His or Her Senate Seat: A Conjecture on the Constitution’s Incompatibility Clause, 4 Duke J. Const. L. & Pub. Pol’y 107 (2009); 4 Duke J. Const. L. & Pub. Pol’y Sidebar 1 (2008);



Seth Barrett Tillman, Opening Statement, Why President-Elect Obama May Keep His Senate Seat After Assuming the Presidency, in Seth Barrett Tillman & Steven G. Calabresi, Debate, The Great Divorce: The Current Understanding of Separation of Powers and the Original Meaning of the Incompatibility Clause, 157 U. Pennsylvania L. Rev. PENNumbra 134, 135–40 (2008);

Seth Barrett Tillman, Closing Statement, An “Utterly Implausible” Interpretation of the Constitution: A Reply to Professor Steven G. Calabresi, in Seth Barrett Tillman & Steven G. Calabresi, Debate, The Great Divorce: The Current Understanding of Separation of Powers and the Original Meaning of the Incompatibility Clause, 157 U. Pennsylvania L. Rev. PENNumbra 134, 146–53 (2008);

Lesser Publications:
Zephyr Teachout & Seth Barrett Tillman, Common Interpretation, The Foreign Emoluments Clause: Article I, Section 9, Clause 8, in The Interactive Constitution (National Constitution Center 2016), http://tinyurl.com/jxro4o9;

Seth Barrett Tillman, Matters of Debate, The Foreign Emoluments Clause Reached Only Appointed Officers, in The Interactive Constitution (National Constitution Center 2016), https://tinyurl.com/ybgeu3cd;

Opinion Editorials & Letters to the Editor
Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, Opinion Editorial, The ‘Resistance’ vs. George Washington, Wall Street Journal, Oct. 15, 2017, at A17, https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-resistance-vs-george-washington-1508105637;

Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, Opinion Editorial, Yes, Trump Can Accept Gifts, NY Times, July 13, 2017, http://ssrn.com/abstract=2999976, http://tinyurl.com/ycqa26bs;

Seth Barrett Tillman, Letter to the Editor, Oath of Officers, 15(3) Claremont Review of Books 11, Summer 2015, http://ssrn.com/abstract=2623473;

Seth Barrett Tillman, Member of the House of Representatives and Vice President of the US: Can Paul Ryan Hold Both Positions at the Same Time?, Jurist–Forum, Aug. 23, 2012, http://jurist.org/forum/2012/08/seth-barrett-tillman-vice-presidency.php;

Conference Paper:
Seth Barrett Tillman, Loyola University of Chicago Law School, Fourth Annual Constitutional Law Colloquium Conference Paper, Six Puzzles for Professor Akhil Amar (2013), https://ssrn.com/abstract=2173899 (citing to the Hamilton documents);





Unpublished Manuscripts

Seth Barrett Tillman, Either/Or: Professors Zephyr Rain Teachout and Akhil Reed Amar—Contradictions and Reconciliation (2012) (unpublished manuscript), https://ssrn.com/abstract=1970909;

Seth Barrett Tillman, Hamilton, the Secretary of the Senate, and Jefferson: Three (or Four) Views of the Cathedral and the Mysterious Identity of the ‘Officers under the United States’ (2011) (unpublished manuscript), https://works.bepress.com/seth_barrett_tillman/203/ (click under “Related Files” for images of the various Hamilton documents);

Seth Barrett Tillman, Legislative Officer Succession to the Presidency (April 6, 2007) (unpublished manuscript), http://tinyurl.com/pcqdp3 (parts I & II), http://tinyurl.com/qmzu26 (part III) (click under “Citation Information” for charts);


-----


Seth Barrett Tillman, Tillman's Primary Briefs, Publications, etc on the "Office" Question
New Reform Club (April 2, 2018, 9:12 AM), 
https://reformclub.blogspot.com/2018/04/tillmans-primary-briefs-publications.html




My publications can be found on Westlaw, LexisNexis, HeinOnline, and on the Social Science Research Network. See Scholarly Papers [of Seth Barrett Tillman], Social Science Research Network (last visited Jan. 7, 2018), https://ssrn.com/author=345891

Wednesday, February 28, 2018

A Work in Progress: Select Bibliography of Court filings and Other Sources Regarding the Foreign and Domestic Emoluments Clauses Cases

Pre-litigation sources:
Sheri Dillon et al., Morgan, Lewis & Bockius (“MLB”) LLP White Paper, Conflicts of Interest and the President (Jan. 11, 2017), https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/3280261/MLB-White-Paper-1-10-Pm.pdf [https://perma.cc/B8BU-X4U3]. 


CREW v. Trump (SDNY, and 2d Circuit)
Second Amended Complaint, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-RA (S.D.N.Y. May 10, 2017) (Abrams, J.), Dkt. No. 28, 2017 WL 2734681, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Second-Amended-Complaint.pdf (CREW v. Trump was subsequently transferred from Judge Abrams (RA) to Judge Daniels (GBD)). 

CREW v. Trump, DOJ’s Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Dismiss (Second Amended Complaint), 2017 WL 3421202, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/2017-06-09-35-MTD-Mem.pdf

CREW v. Trump, Plaintiffs’ Opposition Brief, 2017 WL 3444116, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/EmolumentsBrief.pdf.  

CREW v. Trump, DOJ’s Reply Brief, Dkt. No. 94, 2017 WL 7803918, https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/4059636/document-19885574.pdf.  

Legal Historians Brief—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5483629, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Motions LEXIS 406, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/LegalHistorians.pdf.  

Brief of Ethics Officers—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: Dkt. No. 71-1, 2017 WL 7795993http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/GovtEthicsOfficials.pdf.  

Brief of Scholars of Admin Law, Con Law, and Federal Jurisdiction—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: Dkt. No. 64-1, 2017 WL 7795996, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Scholars.pdf.  

Brief of Senator Blumenthal—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: Dkt. No. 63-1, 2017 WL 7795992http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/MembersofCongress.pdf.  

Chayes Brief—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: Dkt. No. 62-1, 2017 WL 7795995http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Chayes.pdf.  

Tillman—Amicus filing in Support of Defendant: 2017 WL 2692500, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 402, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2985843.  

Tillman & JEP Response to Legal Historians, 2017 WL 4685886, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 408, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3002345.  

Letter from Kate Mollan, Center for Legislative Archives, National Archives and Records Administration, to Seth Barrett Tillman (June 7, 2017) (Exhibit B), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-3, http://bit.ly/2h1BgcT.   

Letter from Kate Mollan, Center for Legislative Archives, National Archives and Records Administration, to Seth Barrett Tillman (Aug. 17, 2017) (Exhibit C), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-4, http://bit.ly/2x1Nzf1.  

Declaration of Seth Barrett Tillman (Exhibit D), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-5, 2017 WL 7795997, https://www.scribd.com/document/358948043/D-Tillman-Declarationhttps://ssrn.com/abstract=3037107.  

Declaration of Michael E. Newton (Exhibit E), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-6, 2017 WL 7964201, https://www.scribd.com/document/358816892/E-Newton-Declaration.  

Supplemental Declaration of Michael E. Newton (Exhibit F), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-7, 2017 WL 7964223, https://www.scribd.com/document/358817691/F-Newton-Supplemental-Declaration.  

Declaration of John P. Kaminski (Exhibit G), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-8, 2017 WL 7964226, https://www.scribd.com/document/358986557/G-Kaminski-Declaration.  

Declaration of Professor Kenneth R. Bowling, Ph.D.(Exhibit H), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-9, 2017 WL 7964211, https://www.scribd.com/document/358816894/H-Bowling-Declaration

Declaration of Professor Stephen F. Knott (Exhibit I), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-10, 2017 WL 7964225, https://www.scribd.com/document/358816904/I-Knott-Declaration.  

Declaration of Professor Robert W.T. Martin (Exhibit J), in Amicus Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman’s and Proposed Amicus Curiae Judicial Education Project’s Response to Amici Curiae by Certain Legal Historians, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 19, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 85-11, 2017 WL 7964229, https://www.scribd.com/document/358816895/J-Martin-Declaration.  

Exhibit K: The Complete Report—Transmittal Letter, Dkt. No. 85-12, http://bit.ly/2xkY1Pc.  

Exhibit L: The Complete Report—Cover Letter, Dkt. No. 85-13, http://bit.ly/2fj6IQ0.  

Exhibit M: The Complete Report—Annexes I, II, and IV-XVIII, Dkt. Nos. 85-14 to 85-22, http://bit.ly/2eV95bn.  

Exhibit N: The Complete Report—Annex III, Dkt. No. 85-23, http://bit.ly/2h1kdre.  

Exhibit O: The Complete Report—Annex XIX, Dkt. No. 85-24, https://www.scribd.com/document/358817052/O-Complete-Report-Annex-19

Exhibit P: The Condensed Report, Dkt. Nos. 85-25 to 85-28, http://bit.ly/2xknN6j

Exhibit Q: Papers of Alexander Hamilton—Reproduction of The Complete Report’s Cover Letter, Dkt. No. 85-29, http://bit.ly/2vU9QZ8

Exhibit R: American State Papers—Reproduction of The Condensed Report, Dkt. No. 85-30, http://bit.ly/2h41iZr

Letter from Counsel for the Legal Historians to Judge George B. Daniels, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 3, 2017), Dkt. No. 96, https://tinyurl.com/ybd783uf

John Mikhail, Our correction and apology to Professor Tillman, Balkinization (Oct. 3, 2017, 8:30 PM), https://balkin.blogspot.ie/2017/10/our-correction-and-apology-to-professor.html

Jed Shugerman, An Apology to Tillman and Blackman, Take Care (Sept. 22, 2017), https://takecareblog.com/blog/an-apology-to-tillman-and-blackman

Oral argument on the DOJ's motion to dismiss held on October 18, 2017.  

Letter from Department of Justice Counsel to Judge Daniels at 1, CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 25, 2017) (Daniels, J.), Dkt. No. 98 (“[T]he government has not conceded that the President is subject to the Foreign Emoluments Clause.”) 


OPINION: CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-00458-GBD, 2017 WL 6524851, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 210326, 276 F. Supp. 3d 174, 179 n.1 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 21, 2017) (Daniels, J.), notice of appeal filed on Feb. 16, 2018 (“Because Plaintiffs’ claims are dismissed under Rule 12(b)(1), this Court does not reach the issue of whether Plaintiffs’ allegations state a cause of action under either the Domestic or Foreign Emoluments Clauses, pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6).”), http://www.nysd.uscourts.gov/cases/show.php?db=special&id=595

CREW v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 18-474 (2d Cir. filed Feb. 16, 2019). Notice of Appeal filed by Plaintiffs (Feb. 16, 2018).
Appellants' (Plaintiffs') Brief, due April 24, 2018. 
Amicus Brief(s) in support of Appellants, due May 1, 2018.
Appellee's (Defenant's) Brief, due May 29, 2018.
Amicus Brief(s) in support of Appellee, due June 5, 2018.
Appellants' Reply Brief, due circa June 12, 2018
No date is yet set for oral argument, assuming there is an oral argument.
 
Blumenthal v. Trump (DDC, and in the future DC Circuit)

First Amended Complaint, Blumenthal v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 1:17-cv-01154-EGS (D.D.C. Aug. 15, 2017) (Sullivan, J.), Dkt. No. 14, 2017 WL 7355132, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Pleadings LEXIS 82, https://www.theusconstitution.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Blumenthal_v_Trump_DDC_Amended_Complaint_Final.pdf

Blumenthal v. Trump, DOJ’s Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Dismiss (First Amended Complaint), 2017 WL 6034903, https://www.theusconstitution.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/FEC_Motion_to_Dismiss-1-1.pdf

Blumenthal v. Trump, DOJ’s Plaintiffs’ Opposition Brief, 2017 WL 5485653, https://www.theusconstitution.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Blumenthal_v_Trump_DDC_Response_to_Motion_to_Dismiss_FINAL-2.pdf

Blumenthal v. Trump, DOJ’s DOJ’s Reply Brief, 2017 WL 7542566, [if this is posted on internet, please let me know]



Brief of Separation of Powers Scholars—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5513218, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 42, http://test-constitutional-accountability-center.pantheonsite.io/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Blumenthal_v_Trump_DDC_Separation_of_Powers_Scholars_Brief_As_Filed.pdf


Brief of Federal Jurisdiction and Con Law Scholars—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5513221, http://test-constitutional-accountability-center.pantheonsite.io/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Blumenthal_v_Trump_DDC_Fed_Jurisdiction_Con_Law_Scholars_Brief_As_Filed.pdf


Tillman and JEP—Amicus filing in Support of Defendant, 2017 WL 4230605, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 30https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2996384


Plaintiffs' notice of supplemental authority, Dkt. No. 47 (filing DC & MD v. Trump decision as supplemental authority). 

Motion for Clarification by Amici Curiae Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project, Senator Richard Blumenthal v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the USA, No. 17 Civ. 1154-EGS (D.D.C. April 13, 2018) (Sullivan, J.) (filed by Josh Blackman et al.), Dkt. No. 48.

April 30, 2018 due date for consolidated supplemental response briefs of parties responding to amici. No responses by amici permitted.


Oral argument on DOJ's motion to dismiss scheduled for June 7, 2018, 10 AM.

OPINION: Blumenthal v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 17 Civ. 1154-EGS, 2018 WL _______, __ F. Supp. 3d ____ (D.D.C. forth. 2018) (Sullivan, J.). 


DC & MD v. Trump (D. Md., and in the future 4th Circuit)


[First] Amended Complaint, DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Feb. 23, 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 90-2, 2018 WL 1051866, https://assets.documentcloud.org/documents/4386797/2-23-18-DC-v-Trump-Amended-Complaint.pdf, amending Complaint, DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. June 12, 2017) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 1, 2017 WL 2559732, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/2017-6-12-DC-MARYLAND-vs-TRUMP.pdf (Rule 15 motion filed, notwithstanding complete briefing and oral argument on motion to dismiss based on the original complaint, DOJ opp’n brief due circa March 9, 2018, and plaintiffs' reply due circa March 16, 2018).

DC & MD v. Trump, DOJ’s Memorandum of Law in Support of Motion to Dismiss (Complaint), 2017 WL 5557942, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/2019-09-29-29-1-Govt-MTD.pdf

DC & MD v. Trump, Plaintiffs’ Opposition Brief, 2017 WL 5598183, http://guptawessler.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Filed-DC-MD-emoluments-opposition.pdf

DC & MD v. Trump, DOJ’s Reply Brief, 2017 WL 7551098, [if this is posted on internet, please let me know]

Legal Historians Brief—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5624876, [if this is posted on internet, please let me know]

Brief of Former National Security Officers—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5624871, [if this is posted on internet, please let me know]

Brief of Chayes—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5624874, [if this is posted on internet, please let me know]

Brief of Former Government Ethics Officers—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5900264, [if this is posted on internet, please let me know]

Brief of Amici Curiae Administrative Law, Constitutional Law, and Federal Courts Scholars—Amicus filing in Support of Plaintiffs: 2017 WL 5624872, [if this is posted on internet, please let me know]

Tillman and JEP—Amicus filing in Support of Defendant, 2017 WL 5598180, 2017 WL 4685826, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Briefs LEXIS 410, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2996355

Corrected Response of Scholar Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, 2017 WL 6880026, 2017 U.S. Dist. Ct. Motions LEXIS 466, https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3089868

Oral argument on DOJ's motion to dismiss held on January 25, 2018. 

Correspondence, from Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, Seeking an Order in regard to Plaintiffs’ Motion to Amend the Complaint, District of Columbia & State of Maryland v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Jan. 29, 2018) (Messitte, J.) (filed by Professor Josh Blackman et al.), Dkt. No. 88, 2018 WL 1128948, https://www.scribd.com/document/370301834/Maryland-v-Trump-Correspondence-1-29-18https://ssrn.com/abstract=3112896

Memorandum of Law in Support of Plaintiffs’ Motion for Leave to File an Amended Complaint and to Apply the Pending Motion to Dismiss [Doc. 21] to the Amended Complaint, DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Feb. 23, 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 90-1, 2018 WL 1156591 (under Rule 12 and Rule 15).  

Defendant’s Response to Plaintiffs’ Motion for Leave to File an Amended Complaint and to Apply the Pending Motion to Dismiss [Doc. 21] to the Amended Complaint, DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Mar. 8, 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 93, 2018 WL 1226121 (under Rule 12). 

Plaintiffs' Reply Brief to DOJ Opp'n Brief: not filed as Court ruled before filing date: See Order, Mar. 13, 2018, Doc. 94 (granting Rule 12 motion, explaining that the court will rule on official capacity claim "without delay"). 

Letter Brief filing Supplemental Authority, from Seth Barrett Tillman and the Judicial Education Project as Amici Curiae in Support of the Defendant, District of Columbia & State of Maryland v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Mar. 19, 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 97, https://www.scribd.com/document/374271648/D-C-and-Maryland-v-Trump-Notice-of-Supplemental-Authority-3-19-18https://ssrn.com/abstract=3141732

Summons served on President on or about March 26, 2018, Dkt. No. 98. 

President of the United States’ Statement of Interest, District of Columbia & State of Maryland v. Donald J. Trump, in his official capacity as President of the United States of America, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM (D. Md. Mar. 26, 2018) (Messitte, J.) (filed by the Department of Justice), Dkt. No. 100, 2018 WL 1511801, https://ssrn.com/abstract=3150220 (“We assume for purposes of this Statement that the President is subject to the Foreign Emoluments Clause.”)

OPINION: DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM, 2018 WL 1516306, ___ F. Supp. 3d ____ (D. Md. Mar. 28 2018) (Messitte, J.), Dkt. No. 101, (determining standing only, with further decision(s) yet to come). 

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Supplemental briefing towards second oral argument to conclude no later than May 31, 2018. But, it appears no such supplemental filings will be made (by the parties). In the absence of filings by the parties, there is nothing for amici to file. 


Second oral argument on DOJ's motion to dismiss on June 11, 2018, 10 AM. 

OPINION: DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM, 2018 WL _______, __ F. Supp. 3d ____ (D. Md. forth. 2018) (Messitte, J.) (relating to issues at second oral argument). 

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DOJ's Opp'n Brief (in an official capacity) to Plaintiffs' Rule 15 motion was not filed. See Statement of Interest filed Mar. 26, 2018.

Plaintiffs' Reply Brief to DOJ's Statement of Interest filed March 29, 2018, Dkt. No. 104, and promising a further reply after the President's personal attorneys file.

Donald J. Trump's Motion to Dismiss Brief (in an individual capacity) and Opp'n to Plaintiffs' Rule 15 motion (forth. circa May 25, 2018). Apparently this will be filed by Consovoy McCarthy Park PLLC, which represents the President in his individual capacity. 


Plaintiffs' Opp'n Brief to Donald J. Trump's Opening brief (in an individual capacity) (forth. circa 2018)

Donald J. Trump's Reply Brief (in an individual capacity) (forth. circa 2018). 


Potential filings by amici

Third oral argument on Trump's motion to dismiss (regarding individual capacity claims): to be determined.


OPINION: DC & MD v. Trump, Civ. A. No. 8:17-cv-01596-PJM, 2018 WL _______, ___ F. Supp. 3d ____ (D. Md. forth. 2018) (Messitte, J.) (relating to third oral argument and individual capacity claims). 



Non-litigation Sources Published after the first filing in CREW v. Trump or otherwise relevant


Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, Opinion Editorial, The ‘Resistance’ vs. George Washington, Wall Street Journal, Oct. 15, 2017, at A17, https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-resistance-vs-george-washington-1508105637, http://archive.is/QPO2N

Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, Opinion Editorial, Yes, Trump Can Accept Gifts, NY Times, July 13, 2017, http://ssrn.com/abstract=2999976, http://tinyurl.com/ycqa26bs

Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, The Emoluments Clauses Litigation, Part 8: There is no cause of action for a suit against the President in his individual capacity for purported violations of the Emoluments Clauses, ReasonThe Volokh Conspiracy (Feb. 8, 2018, 3: 04 PM), http://reason.com/volokh/2018/02/08/the-emoluments-clauses-litigation-part-8

Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, The Emoluments Clauses Litigation, Part 7: The President’s Acceptance or Receipt of Profits is not “Executive Action, ReasonThe Volokh Conspiracy (Feb. 7, 2018, 11:26 AM), http://reason.com/volokh/2018/02/07/the-emoluments-clauses-litigation-part-7

Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, The Emoluments Clauses Litigation, Part 6: Are the Claims Against the President in his Official or Individual Capacity?, ReasonThe Volokh Conspiracy (Feb. 6, 2018, 11:30 AM), http://reason.com/volokh/2018/02/06/the-emoluments-clauses-litigation-part-6

Josh Blackman & Seth Barrett Tillman, 5-Part Series, The Emoluments Clauses Litigation, The Washington Post—Volokh Conspiracy (Sept. 25–Oct. 1, 2017): 






Seth Barrett Tillman, The Emoluments Clauses Lawsuits’s Weak Link: The Official Capacity Issue, Yale J. on Reg.: Notice & Comment (Aug. 15, 2017), http://tinyurl.com/y9g2v6xf

Seth Barrett Tillman, Room for Debate, Constitutional Restrictions on Foreign Gifts Don’t Apply to Presidents, The NY Times, Nov. 18, 2016, 10:41 AM, http://tinyurl.com/jpbhom5.


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Seth Barrett Tillman, A Work in Progress: Select Bibliography of Court filings and Other Sources Regarding the Foreign and Domestic Emoluments Clauses Cases, New Reform Club (Feb. 28, 2018, 8:59 AM), https://reformclub.blogspot.com/2018/02/a-work-in-progress-select-bibliography.html.